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Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that specifically affects pregnant women. GDM is the most common pregnancy complication with over 200,000 cases diagnosed every year and accounting for two to 10 percent of all pregnancies. Luckily, this condition can be treated with small dietary changes. What is Diabetes?When you think of diabetes, you probably think of insulin injections or eating too much sugar, but it’s much more complicated than that. There are many different types of diabetes including type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, and gestational diabetes. Diabetes as a whole describes abnormal blood glucose regulation and hyperglycemia (high blood glucose levels)gestational diabetesHow Are Blood Glucose Levels Regulated?Glucose is a simple sugar (monosaccharide) that all carbohydrates are eventually broken down into. For example, lactose in the milk you drink is a disaccharide made of glucose and galactose (monosaccharide). Lactose is broken down into these two sugars and then galactose is further broken down into glucose (or glycogen).  Once carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, they are in the blood (extracellular–outside of the cells); however, cells need that glucose in order to carry out certain processes so it has to be brought inside (intracellular). Through the process of glycolysis, glucose is broken down to produce ATP. ATP is the currency system of the cell (like dollar bills).
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 Additionally, a paper published in Nature found that subjects assigned to a “low calorie” (500 – 1000 calorie deficit) still didn’t lose as much weight as subjects on a ketogenic diet. After four months of eating a keto diet, 85% of subjects lost >10% of their body weight while only 17% in the low-calorie group accomplished the same.  Not to mention, their HA1C levels dropped by nearly a point in the ketogenic diet group which was significantly better than the low-calorie group, only in the same time period. These findings aren’t too surprising as the Standard American Diet (SAD) includes hundreds of high-glycemic, processed carbohydrates per day. When carbohydrates and sugar are drastically reduced, weight loss happens quickly. Also, when one consumes fatty foods such as avocados, the healthy fats and fiber help regulate blood sugar levels, leading to less cravings and naturally less calories consumed. Long-term Weight Loss: 2. 2/5 StarsOne of the biggest criticisms of the keto diet is people claiming, “it’s unsustainable. ” In research, long-term is considered greater than one to two years. Experts stated there was lacking evidence that indicates sustained weight loss for long periods of time. The keto diet was given a below-average ranking for this category.
how many carbs per day to stay in ketosis
In smaller amounts, you might be able to have some lower-carb grains and stay in ketosis. Since fiber doesn’t affect your blood sugar levels, you want to go for grains that have some fiber and are lower in carbs. For example:BulgurBulgur is a cereal grain typically derived from cracked wheat berries and used in dishes like tabbouleh and porridge. 1 cup (182 grams
) of cooked bulgur has 25. 5 grams of net carbs, making it one of the lowest carb whole grains around. MilletMillet is an ancient grain, and 1 cup (174 grams) of cooked millet provides 39 grams of net carbs and over 2 grams of fiber. QuinoaQuinoa is a pseudo-grain often prepared and served as a grain. 1 cup (185 grams) of cooked quinoa provides 34 grams of net carbs, so it may not be suitable for many keto dieters.  CouscousCouscous is a processed grain product and a Moroccan staple
dish. 1 cup (157 grams) of cooked couscous provides around 34. 5 grams of net carbs.