To simplify: fiber is a type of carb, but you can’t digest it; rather, it feeds the healthy bacteria in your gut. Starch is more like long chains of sugar molecules connected together (envision a sugary pearl necklace), and your body breaks starch down into individual sugar pearls or units. Simple CarbsRefined white flour is simple carbsSimple carbohydrates have one or two sugar molecules. Fructose (the fruit sugar) or glucose have one sugar molecule, whereas disaccharides like lactose (the milk sugar) and sucrose (table sugar) are made up of two. Simple carbs come from added sugars like white and brown sugar and honey and from naturally occurring sugars found in milk and fruits. Refined grains and foods like white rice and white flour have been stripped of most of their nutrients and contain mostly sugar rather than starch or fiber, leading to a high blood sugar spike that would kick you out of ketosis. These simple carbs are absorbed into the bloodstream almost immediately. Complex CarbsComplex carbs (polysaccharides or oligosaccharides) have three or more sugar molecules. Compared to simple carbs, complex carbs are more slowly absorbed into your bloodstream. Examples of complex carbs include:PotatoesCornParsnips and starchier veggiesLegumes and beans like chickpeas and kidney beansWhole grains like bread, breakfast cereal, rice, and quinoaWhat About Low-Carb Grains?Some keto professionals and advocates believe grains, in general, aren’t suitable for a ketogenic diet. In contrast, others say it depends on the grain, how often you eat it, and the person.
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Reducing carb intake may help regulate blood glucose levels and improve symptoms of GDM. If you are following a plant-based diet, it can be tough to limit carbs. After all, most plants are almost entirely made of carbs. However, it is possible to follow both a low-carb (or keto) diet and be vegan! We compiled a shopping list of some simple low-carb foods you can enjoy on a vegan diet. Foods to Avoid on a Low-Carb Vegan DietBefore getting into which foods are low carb and vegan, it is important to understand which foods are not. Starchy vegetables like potatoes, yams, and beans should be avoided.
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MilletMillet is an ancient grain, and 1 cup (174 grams) of cooked millet provides 39 grams of net carbs and over 2 grams of fiber. QuinoaQuinoa is a pseudo-grain often prepared and served as a grain. 1 cup (185 grams) of cooked quinoa provides 34 grams of net carbs, so it may not be suitable for many keto dieters.  CouscousCouscous is a processed grain product and a Moroccan staple
dish. 1 cup (157 grams) of cooked couscous provides around 34. 5 grams of net carbs. PopcornYou might be surprised to think of popcorn as a grain, never mind a lower-carb grain, but a 1 cup (14 grams) serving
of popped popcorn actually only has 6. 5 grams of net carbs. Check the label to make sure there aren’t any added sugars and, ideally, opt for air-popped popcorn. Keep in mind popcorn may not be the healthiest snack
choice as it usually comes along with trans fats and artificial ingredients. Wild RiceWild rice comes from specific grasses in the Zizania genus of plants.