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In order for glucose to be transported into these cells, insulin must bind to insulin receptors and signal for this process to occur. Insulin is produced by beta cells in the pancreas in response to high blood glucose levels. Once it is released, it binds to insulin receptors and triggers a response to allow glucose to be transported into the cell. GLUT 1 Insulin independentBloodBlood-brain-barrierHeart (partially) GLUT 2Insulin-independentLiverPancreasSmall IntestineGLUT 3Insulin-independentBrain NeuronsSpermGLUT 4Insulin-dependentSkeletal MuscleAdipose tissue (fat)HeartDysfunctions in Glucose RegulationGlucose regulation can become dysfunctional at many different steps. If insulin is not produced sufficiently, glucose is unable to enter insulin-dependent cells and these cells can starve. This is known as type 1 diabetes mellitus.
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Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that specifically affects pregnant women. GDM is the most common pregnancy complication with over 200,000 cases diagnosed every year and accounting for two to 10 percent of all pregnancies. Luckily, this condition can be treated with small dietary changes. What is Diabetes?When you think of diabetes, you probably think of insulin injections or eating too much sugar, but it’s much more complicated than that. There are many different types of diabetes including type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, and gestational diabetes. Diabetes as a whole describes abnormal blood glucose regulation and hyperglycemia (high blood glucose levels)gestational diabetesHow Are Blood Glucose Levels Regulated?Glucose is a simple sugar (monosaccharide) that all carbohydrates are eventually broken down into.
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of net carbs, making it one of the lowest carb whole grains around. MilletMillet is an ancient grain, and 1 cup (174 grams) of cooked millet provides 39 grams of net carbs and over 2 grams of fiber. QuinoaQuinoa is a pseudo-grain often prepared
and served as a grain. 1 cup (185 grams) of cooked quinoa provides 34 grams of net carbs, so it may not be suitable for many keto dieters.  CouscousCouscous is a processed grain product and a Moroccan staple
dish. 1 cup (157 grams) of cooked couscous provides around 34. 5 grams of net carbs. PopcornYou might be surprised to think of popcorn as a grain, never mind a lower-carb grain, but a 1 cup (14 grams) serving of popped popcorn actually only has 6. 5 grams of net carbs. Check the label to make sure there aren’t any added sugars
and, ideally, opt for air-popped popcorn. Keep in mind popcorn may not be the healthiest snack choice as it usually comes along with trans fats and artificial ingredients.