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For example, lactose in the milk you drink is a disaccharide made of glucose and galactose (monosaccharide). Lactose is broken down into these two sugars and then galactose is further broken down into glucose (or glycogen).  Once carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, they are in the blood (extracellular–outside of the cells); however, cells need that glucose in order to carry out certain processes so it has to be brought inside (intracellular). Through the process of glycolysis, glucose is broken down to produce ATP. ATP is the currency system of the cell (like dollar bills). It fuels the work that cells need to do. While glucose is a simple sugar, it is still a relatively large molecule, therefore it needs certain transporters in order to allow it to enter a cell. These are known as GLUTs (glucose transporters).  Contrary to popular belief, not all cells require insulin in order to transport glucose inside of a cell. Some organs and tissues are insulin-independent, meaning insulin is not required, whereas others are insulin-dependent, meaning they require insulin.  GLUT 4 transporters are located on skeletal muscle, adipose tissue, and the heart and do require insulin.
prove it ketosis
”Counter: The keto diet employs a variety of whole foods, and the best part is most are naturally occurring since cutting out most carbohydrates means leaving processed foods on the shelves where they belong. While opponents repeat the talking point of being limited to red meat and bacon, the keto diet encompasses a wide variety of foods. The staples of the keto foods list include lettuces, leafy greens, green vegetables, cruciferous vegetables, berries, avocado, bell pepper, olives, fish, shellfish, poultry, beef, wild game, cheese, plain yogurt, butter, ghee, nuts, seeds, nut and seed butters, and healthy oils such olive, walnut, coconut, and avocado. Oh and when you do want to switch it up you can make keto waffles, keto pancakes, or even keto cookies. Lastly, scientific research shows that 80+% of subjects in a study were able to adhere to the diet over a six month period which is quite high in research. Safety: 2/5 StarsThe keto diet was rated poorly in the category of safety, due to the high fat content. One panelist stated the diet could be dangerous for some while another cautioned those with heart disease, kidney disease, and severe diabetes against adoption of the diet. Counter: It’s interesting to note that a group of experts who rightfully admitted that a ketogenic diet can help with weight loss also ranked it low on safety. Further, a recent meta analysis examined 12 studies utilizing a ketogenic diet and saw no adverse effects.  Well, if sustained weight loss for two years following the study is an adverse effect, then I think it’s one that most people would be willing to risk it for. Lastly, it’s even been published and shown to be safe in children with intractable epilepsy.
effects of low carb diets
Also, when one consumes fatty foods such as avocados, the healthy fats and fiber help regulate blood sugar levels, leading to less cravings and naturally less calories consumed. Long-term Weight Loss: 2. 2/5 StarsOne of the biggest criticisms of the keto diet is people claiming, “it’s unsustainable. ” In research, long-term is considered
one to two years. Experts stated there was lacking evidence that indicates sustained weight loss for long periods of time. The keto diet was given a below-average ranking for this category. Counter: There are several short-term (less than two years) studies showing weight loss in those who follow the keto diet. In research, it’s extremely difficult to do any long term, diet-controlled studies due to lack of compliance. Irrespective of the diet, you can imagine controlling subjects for several years is a difficult task for any researcher to do. That being said, there are several long-term studies showing a positive benefit for the ketogenic diet. One study found that 66 obese individuals with high cholesterol were able to lower their weight and cholesterol levels with a ketogenic diet over 56 weeks.