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It fuels the work that cells need to do. While glucose is a simple sugar, it is still a relatively large molecule, therefore it needs certain transporters in order to allow it to enter a cell. These are known as GLUTs (glucose transporters).  Contrary to popular belief, not all cells require insulin in order to transport glucose inside of a cell. Some organs and tissues are insulin-independent, meaning insulin is not required, whereas others are insulin-dependent, meaning they require insulin.  GLUT 4 transporters are located on skeletal muscle, adipose tissue, and the heart and do require insulin. In order for glucose to be transported into these cells, insulin must bind to insulin receptors and signal for this process to occur. Insulin is produced by beta cells in the pancreas in response to high blood glucose levels. Once it is released, it binds to insulin receptors and triggers a response to allow glucose to be transported into the cell. GLUT 1 Insulin independentBloodBlood-brain-barrierHeart (partially) GLUT 2Insulin-independentLiverPancreasSmall IntestineGLUT 3Insulin-independentBrain NeuronsSpermGLUT 4Insulin-dependentSkeletal MuscleAdipose tissue (fat)HeartDysfunctions in Glucose RegulationGlucose regulation can become dysfunctional at many different steps. If insulin is not produced sufficiently, glucose is unable to enter insulin-dependent cells and these cells can starve.
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In fact, it was ranked dead last (40/40) for “Best Diets for Healthy Eating. ” Was the ketogenic diet accurately ranked using evidence-based nutrition science? Let’s explore. CriteriaEach diet was examined and given ratings based on a set of seven different factors. Those ratings from experts are converted to scores ranging from five (highest) to one (lowest). In addition, the panelists weighed in with characteristics of each diet they liked or disliked. The panel of 27 experts in nutrition, diabetes, obesity, heart disease, and food psychology judged each diet in the following seven categories:· The diet’s capacity to generate short-term weight loss.
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  Woman lifting weights and building muscleBone HealthIt’s a myth that protein is bad for your bone
s. Some people perpetuate the idea that protein, particularly animal protein, increases the acidity load in the body and causes calcium to leach from your bones to neutralize the acid and maintain the right ph. However, long-term studies show that protein, including natural animal protein, is advantageous for wellness and bone health.  Taking care of bone health is also crucial for women who are at a higher risk of osteoporosis, especially after menopause. Osteoporosis is a condition involving weakened bones that are more susceptible to fracture. Eating sufficient protein and staying active helps prevent osteoporosis and bone deterioration. People who consume more protein have a lower risk of fractures
and osteoporosis and seem to maintain bone mass better with aging.   Eating High Protein Foods for Injury RepairMost of the cells in your body regenerate, and with the right nutrition, you can regenerate rather than degenerate. Protein is the main building block of organs and tissues, and it helps your body repair following an injury. Studies highlight that consuming more protein after an injury accelerates recovery time. Taking blood pressure measurementLowers Blood PressureHigh blood pressure is a risk factor for heart disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, and more.