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(Total grams of carbs – grams of fiber = net carbs)Some grains are lower in carbs and higher in fiber, while others are higher in carbs and should definitely be avoided on keto. Carbohydrates are categorized into simple and complex.  Starch and fiber are complex carbs, and sugar is a simple carb. To simplify: fiber is a type of carb, but you can’t digest it; rather, it feeds the healthy bacteria in your gut. Starch is more like long chains of sugar molecules connected together (envision a sugary pearl necklace), and your body breaks starch down into individual sugar pearls or units. Simple CarbsRefined white flour is simple carbsSimple carbohydrates have one or two sugar molecules. Fructose (the fruit sugar) or glucose have one sugar molecule, whereas disaccharides like lactose (the milk sugar) and sucrose (table sugar) are made up of two. Simple carbs come from added sugars like white and brown sugar and honey and from naturally occurring sugars found in milk and fruits. Refined grains and foods like white rice and white flour have been stripped of most of their nutrients and contain mostly sugar rather than starch or fiber, leading to a high blood sugar spike that would kick you out of ketosis. These simple carbs are absorbed into the bloodstream almost immediately. Complex CarbsComplex carbs (polysaccharides or oligosaccharides) have three or more sugar molecules.
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Some grains and refined grain-based products have a much higher carb count and are lower in fiber, making them off-limits on keto, such as:White breadRefined pastaWhite riceGrain-based breakfast cerealPizza doughInstant oatmealWheat flour muffins and cakesCrackersAdding Grains to a Keto DietThe easiest and best way to determine if a little portion of carbs will kick you out of ketosis is by testing your ketone levels. People are different, and you might be sensitive to certain types of carbs, while others have little to no effect. Generally speaking, if you are certain that grains are suitable for your health and results, choose unprocessed, unrefined, and lower carb whole grains like wild rice, popcorn, and bulgur. Those on a therapeutic ketogenic diet of less than 25-30 grams of carbs daily may choose to avoid all grains, while those following a more standard ketogenic diet may decide to consume smaller amounts of lower carb grains. And others eliminate grains altogether out of concern for detrimental ingredients and possibly adverse effects on the microbiome. Wild rice is a low-carb grainIf you want to expand your palette or adopt a more paleo approach, you can use keto-compliant whole-grain alternatives like almond flour and coconut flour. Read our article for info on ideal grain substitutes for your favorite grain-based foods like noodles, pasta, cereal, and bread. Use lettuce wraps or make keto burger buns with coconut flour. Taste spaghetti squash or shirataki noodles or make cauliflower rice or pizza. You don’t have to miss out if you’re both keto and grain-free! Check out our recipes section for lots of grain-free, low-carb cooking ideas to replace your preferred comfort foods and crush cravings. With the rising rates of obesity, it is no surprise that new diets are popping up everywhere and growing with rapid momentum.
Simple carbs come from added sugars like white and brown sugar and honey and from naturally
occurring sugars found in milk and fruits. Refined grains and foods like white rice and white flour have been stripped of most of their nutrients and contain mostly sugar rather than starch or fiber, leading to a high blood sugar keto
genic-diet.php">spike that would kick you out of ketosis. These simple carbs are absorbed into the bloodstream almost immediately. Complex CarbsComplex carbs (polysaccharides or oligosaccharides) have three or more sugar molecules. Compared to simple carbs, complex carbs are more slowly absorbed into your bloodstream. Examples of complex carbs include:PotatoesCornParsnips and starchier veggiesLegumes and beans like chickpeas and kidney beansWhole grains like bread, breakfast cereal, rice, and quinoaWhat About Low-Carb Grains?Some keto professionals and advocates believe grains, in general, aren’t suitable for a ketogenic diet. In contrast, others say it depends on the grain, how often you eat it, and the person. People who are more fat-adapted may be able to remain in ketosis while consuming some grains. Fat adaptation means your body is metabolically equipped to handle digesting fat instead of carbs and smoothly switching between the two fuels. You need to assess the net carb count of low-carb grains instead of the total grams of carbs to determine whether you should include low-carb grains in your diet. In smaller amounts, you might be able to have some lower-carb grains and stay in ketosis.