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This includes increased thirst (polydipsia) and increased urination (polyuria). Most women do not know that they have gestational diabetes until diagnosed after an oral glucose tolerance test. An oral glucose tolerance test is performed in order to determine how well your body responds to high levels of glucose consumption over a two-hour period. How Is Gestational Diabetes Treated?For some, gestational diabetes can go away on its own and have no complications for the baby. However, for some, if left untreated, gestational diabetes can lead to premature birth and other health complications. Luckily, gestational diabetes is easily treatable with changes in diet and activity level. The key focus is to improve blood glucose levels by limiting the consumption of high-carbohydrate foods. Keto and Gestational Diabetes: Can a Ketogenic Diet Help?One key way to improve blood glucose regulation is to reduce carbohydrates consumed. By reducing carbohydrates consumed, insulin sensitivity is improved, and blood glucose regulation is improved. One clinical study found that reducing carbohydrate consumption may improve blood glucose regulation, without increasing the risk of ketonemia (abnormal blood ketone levels).  Research has shown that the ketogenic diet can be tremendously helpful in improving type 2 diabetes, as well as improving insulin sensitivity.
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Long-term Weight Loss: 2. 2/5 StarsOne of the biggest criticisms of the keto diet is people claiming, “it’s unsustainable. ” In research, long-term is considered greater than one to two years. Experts stated there was lacking evidence that indicates sustained weight loss for long periods of time. The keto diet was given a below-average ranking for this category. Counter: There are several short-term (less than two years) studies showing weight loss in those who follow the keto diet. In research, it’s extremely difficult to do any long term, diet-controlled studies due to lack of compliance. Irrespective of the diet, you can imagine controlling subjects for several years is a difficult task for any researcher to do. That being said, there are several long-term studies showing a positive benefit for the ketogenic diet. One study found that 66 obese individuals with high cholesterol were able to lower their weight and cholesterol levels with a ketogenic diet over 56 weeks.  A meta analysis (which is an analysis of several published papers) found that “Individuals assigned to a ketogenic diet achieve a greater weight loss than those assigned to a low fat diet in the long term; hence, a ketogenic diet may be an alternative tool against obesity.
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 Starch and fiber are complex carbs, and sugar is a simple
carb. To simplify: fiber is a type of carb, but you can’t digest it; rather, it feeds the healthy bacteria in your gut. Starch is more like long chains of sugar molecules connected together (envision a sugary pearl necklace), and your body breaks starch down into individual sugar pearls or units. Simple CarbsRefined white flour is simple carbsSimple carbohydrates have one or two sugar molecules. Fructose (the fruit sugar) or glucose have one sugar molecule, whereas disaccharides like lactose (the milk sugar) and sucrose (table sugar) are made up of two. Simple carbs come from added sugars like white and brown sugar and honey and from naturally occurring sugars found in milk and fruits. Refined grains and foods like white rice and white flour have been stripped of most of their
nutrients and contain mostly
sugar rather than starch or fiber, leading to a high blood sugar spike that would kick you out of ketosis. These simple carbs are absorbed into the bloodstream almost immediately. Complex CarbsComplex carbs (polysaccharides or oligosaccharides) have three or more sugar molecules. Compared to simple carbs, complex carbs are more slowly absorbed into your bloodstream. Examples of complex carbs include:PotatoesCornParsnips and starchier veggiesLegumes and beans like chickpeas and kidney beansWhole grains like bread, breakfast cereal, rice, and quinoaWhat About Low-Carb Grains?Some keto professionals and advocates believe grains, in general, aren’t suitable for a ketogenic diet.