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Some grains or all grains are off-limits on many keto and low-carb diets. Unless you’re following a paleo keto-style diet where you avoid grains, you might be wondering whether you can incorporate grains into your ketogenic diet. Let’s discuss the ins and outs of grains on keto!!Simple and Complex CarbsFoods high in fiber have a lower number of net carbs. Net carbs are the carbs your body actually absorbs. To calculate net carbs, subtract the grams of fiber from the total grams of carbs. (Total grams of carbs – grams of fiber = net carbs)Some grains are lower in carbs and higher in fiber, while others are higher in carbs and should definitely be avoided on keto. Carbohydrates are categorized into simple and complex.  Starch and fiber are complex carbs, and sugar is a simple carb. To simplify: fiber is a type of carb, but you can’t digest it; rather, it feeds the healthy bacteria in your gut. Starch is more like long chains of sugar molecules connected together (envision a sugary pearl necklace), and your body breaks starch down into individual sugar pearls or units. Simple CarbsRefined white flour is simple carbsSimple carbohydrates have one or two sugar molecules.
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First off, avoid American singles (or slices). These individually wrapped cheese slices can barely even be classified as cheese! Instead, they are considered a “cheese product”. These cheese slices contain modified food starch, whey concentrate, calcium phosphate, potassium citrate, sodium phosphate, and sorbic acid. Instead, stick to cheeses with only one ingredient–the cheese! These cheeses will have <1g net carb in one serving. Heavily processed cheese, like American singles, has two to three grams of carbs in just one slice and should be avoided on a keto diet. Melting Cheese & Cheese DipVelveeta and other similar block cheeses are the “I can’t believe it’s not butter” of cheeses. They are advertised as a healthier alternative, but they are actually significantly worse for you! These cheeses, similar to butter alternatives, add vegetable oil or canola oil to add the claim that they contain less fat than regular cheese. This type of cheese should definitely be avoided on a keto diet. Velveeta has some carbsThese are all of the ingredients in Velveeta Block Melting Cheese:SKIM MILK, MILK, CANOLA OIL, MILK PROTEIN CONCENTRATE, SODIUM PHOSPHATE, CONTAINS LESS THAN 2% OF MODIFIED FOOD STARCH, WHEY PROTEIN CONCENTRATE, MALTODEXTRIN, WHEY, SALT, CALCIUM PHOSPHATE, LACTIC ACID, SORBIC ACID AS A PRESERVATIVE, MILKFAT, SODIUM ALGINATE, SODIUM CITRATE, ENZYMES, APOCAROTENAL AND ANNATTO (COLOR), CHEESE CULTURE, VITAMIN A PALMITATE. Don’t be fooled by claims like “50% fewer calories” and “less fat than cheddar cheese”. Processed, block melting cheeses are certainly not healthier than regular cheese (even if they do have fewer calories).
One clinical study found that reducing carbohydrate consumption may improve blood glucose regulation, without increasing the risk of ketonemia (abnormal blood ketone levels).  Research has shown that the ketogenic diet
can be tremendously helpful in improving type 2 diabetes, as well as improving insulin sensitivity. Because of this, it might prove beneficial for individuals suffering from gestational diabetes.  Final ThoughtsIf you have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes, consider talking to your doctor about following a low-carbohydrate or ketogenic diet. Reducing carb intake may help regulate blood glucose levels and improve symptoms of GDM. If you are following a plant-based diet, it can be tough to limit carbs. After all, most plants are almost entirely made of carbs. However, it is possible to follow both a low-carb (or keto) diet and be vegan! We compiled a shopping list of some simple low-carb foods you can enjoy on a vegan diet. Foods to Avoid on a Low-Carb Vegan DietBefore getting into which
foods are low carb and vegan, it is important to understand which foods are not. Starchy vegetables like potatoes, yams, and beans should be avoided. Grains like pasta, oats, and bread are high in carbohydrates as well.