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Irrespective of the diet, you can imagine controlling subjects for several years is a difficult task for any researcher to do. That being said, there are several long-term studies showing a positive benefit for the ketogenic diet. One study found that 66 obese individuals with high cholesterol were able to lower their weight and cholesterol levels with a ketogenic diet over 56 weeks.  A meta analysis (which is an analysis of several published papers) found that “Individuals assigned to a ketogenic diet achieve a greater weight loss than those assigned to a low fat diet in the long term; hence, a ketogenic diet may be an alternative tool against obesity. ”  All of the studies analyzed were greater than 12 months in duration. Lastly, even reducing your carbohydrate intake to less than 20% has shown to have sustainable weight loss even 44 months later! For individuals starting a keto diet in the 1990’s, adherence to the diet was likely a lot harder as options were a bit more limited. Today, you can “ketofy” nearly anything from pizza to desserts so it’s much more sustainable and the research shows the weight loss is maintained. Nutritional Completeness: 1. 6/5 Stars Rated as “extremely incomplete” in the nutrition category, panelists had concerns about the saturated fat content. One expert explained that ‘any diet that recommends snacking on bacon can’t be taken seriously as a health-promoting way to eat’ and another added that the keto diet is ‘nutritionally unbalanced and likely difficult for most people to stick with long-term, which means that any weight loss will likely be regained. ’Counter: The experts continue to parrot the same talking point of too much saturated fat.
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To calculate net carbs, subtract the grams of fiber from the total grams of carbs. (Total grams of carbs – grams of fiber = net carbs)Some grains are lower in carbs and higher in fiber, while others are higher in carbs and should definitely be avoided on keto. Carbohydrates are categorized into simple and complex.  Starch and fiber are complex carbs, and sugar is a simple carb. To simplify: fiber is a type of carb, but you can’t digest it; rather, it feeds the healthy bacteria in your gut. Starch is more like long chains of sugar molecules connected together (envision a sugary pearl necklace), and your body breaks starch down into individual sugar pearls or units. Simple CarbsRefined white flour is simple carbsSimple carbohydrates have one or two sugar molecules. Fructose (the fruit sugar) or glucose have one sugar molecule, whereas disaccharides like lactose (the milk sugar) and sucrose (table sugar) are made up of two. Simple carbs come from added sugars like white and brown sugar and honey and from naturally occurring sugars found in milk and fruits. Refined grains and foods like white rice and white flour have been stripped of most of their nutrients and contain mostly sugar rather than starch or fiber, leading to a high blood sugar spike that would kick you out of ketosis. These simple carbs are absorbed into the bloodstream almost immediately.
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Benefits of OnionsBesides providing a delicious flavor, onions actually pack multiple health benefits. Onions contain
micronutrients such as vitamin B, vitamin C, and potassium. They are all packed
full of antioxidants that may help reduce inflammation and lower the risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer. Onions are rich in the antioxidant quercetin, which has been shown
to improve blood pressure levels in clinical trials.  Additionally, research has shown that the consumption of raw onions may help individuals
with PCOS lower cholesterol levels. White and red onionsOnion Nutrition FactsThere are many different varieties of onions but for these purposes, we will be breaking down the nutrition facts of the three most common onion varieties: sweet onions, yellow onions, white onions, and red onions. Sweet Onions Serving: 100gCalories: 32Fat: 0. 08gCarbs: 7. 55gFiber: 0. 9gProtein: 0. 8gYellow Onions Serving: 100gCalories: 38Fat: 0.