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. While we’re focusing on short-term weight loss for this category, these findings of sustainment for ‘at least’ two years indicate that keto may also produce long-term results. Further, studies done studies done in obese men found significantly greater weight loss over a four-week period when subjects were allowed to eat “ad libitum” or as much as they wanted when they were eating keto vs a moderate carb diet (-6. 34 kg vs 4. 35 kg).  Additionally, a paper published in Nature found that subjects assigned to a “low calorie” (500 – 1000 calorie deficit) still didn’t lose as much weight as subjects on a ketogenic diet. After four months of eating a keto diet, 85% of subjects lost >10% of their body weight while only 17% in the low-calorie group accomplished the same.  Not to mention, their HA1C levels dropped by nearly a point in the ketogenic diet group which was significantly better than the low-calorie group, only in the same time period. These findings aren’t too surprising as the Standard American Diet (SAD) includes hundreds of high-glycemic, processed carbohydrates per day. When carbohydrates and sugar are drastically reduced, weight loss happens quickly. Also, when one consumes fatty foods such as avocados, the healthy fats and fiber help regulate blood sugar levels, leading to less cravings and naturally less calories consumed.
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Counter: The keto diet is higher in fat-rich foods as the metabolic state of ketosis uses fat for fuel instead of carbohydrates which will help your body turn into a fat burning machine. While it could be higher in saturated fat based on how one employs the keto diet, it may not necessarily be the case. Even if one’s keto nutrition plan is higher in saturated fat, recent research shows that mortality from cardiovascular disease does not decrease with the reduction of dietary saturated fat.  In fact, studies show that replacing saturated fat with carbohydrates is associated with an increase in cardiovascular disease risk. The American Heart Association suggests that total dietary fiber intake should be 25 to 30 grams per day, while the average American consumes only 15 grams per day. While the keto diet typically allows for no more than 50 grams of total carbohydrates per day, most of the allotted carbohydrates come from fibrous carbohydrates. For example, one can consume a cup of cooked spinach, two cups of chopped romaine lettuce, two cups of cooked broccoli, and ½ cup of raspberries in one day to achieve a total of 46 grams of carbohydrates, and whopping 24 grams of fiber. More fiber is likely to be added by way of other keto-friendly foods such as nuts, seeds, avocado, and dark chocolate. Keto is certainly not limited in the calcium department either—this myopic statement was likely made only because milk is not allowed on the keto diet due to its sugar content. Other high-calcium foods such as sesame seeds, Chia seeds, cheese, plain yogurt, sardines, canned salmon, almonds, and leafy greens are part of the ketogenic diet. Discrepancies in Top Ranked Diets of 2022We’re not here to belittle or degrade other dietary protocols, however if this analysis from the experts was predicated on scientific evidence, they significantly missed the mark.
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While glucose is a simple sugar, it is still a relatively large
molecule, therefore it needs certain transporters in order to allow it to enter a cell. These are known as GLUTs (glucose transporters).  Contrary to popular belief, not all cells require insulin in order to transport glucose inside of a cell. Some organs and tissues are insulin-independent, meaning insulin is not required, whereas others are insulin-dependent, meaning they require insulin.  GLUT 4 transporters are located on skeletal muscle, adipose tissue, and the heart and do require insulin. In order for glucose to be transported into these cells, insulin must bind to insulin receptors and signal for this process to occur. Insulin is produced by beta cells in the pancreas in response to high blood glucose levels. Once it is released, it binds to insulin receptors and triggers a response to allow glucose to be transported into the cell. GLUT 1 Insulin independentBloodBlood-brain-barrierHeart (partially) GLUT 2Insulin-independentLiverPancreasSmall IntestineGLUT 3Insulin-independentBrain NeuronsSpermGLUT 4Insulin-dependentSkeletal MuscleAdipose tissue (fat)HeartDysfunctions in Glucose RegulationGlucose
regulation can become dysfunctional at many different steps. If insulin is not produced sufficiently, glucose is unable to enter insulin-dependent cells and these cells can starve. This is known as type 1 diabetes mellitus.